ASIC full form

 What is the full form of ASIC?


  • Application Specific Integrated Circuit

What does ASIC mean?

ASIC is a microchip designed for a special application, such as a particular kind of transmission protocol or a handheld computer. You might contrast it with a general integrated circuit, such as the microprocessor and the random access memory chips in your PC. ASIC is used to a wide range of applications, including auto emission control, environmental monitoring ad personal digital assistant.

HDL full form

 What is the full form of HDL?


  • Hardware Description Language

What does HDL mean?

HDL is a language used for describing a digital system like a network switch or a microprocessor or a memory or a flip flop. It means, by using an HDL we can describe any digital hardware at any level. Design, which is described in HDL is independent of technology. It is very easy for designing and debugging, and also is normally more useful than schematics, particularly for large circuits.

VHDL full form

 What is the full form of VHDL?


  • VHSIC (Very High-Speed Integrated Circuit) Hardware Description Language

What does VHDL mean?

VHDL is a hardware description language. It is a programming language used to model a digital system by data flow, behavioral, and structural style of modeling. There is some predefined data type of VHDL, apart from these a user can also define its own data type. This language was first introduced in the year of 1981 for the department of defense under the VHSIC program.

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CLB full form

 What is the full form of CLB?


  • Configurable Logic Block

What does CLB mean?

A CLB is the basic repeating logic resource on an FPGA. When linked together by routing resources, the components in CLBs which are executing the complex logic functions and implements memory function, and synchronize code on the FPGA. CLB performs the logic given to the module. The interconnection between CLB and I/O blocks are made with the help of horizontal routing channels, vertical routing channels, and PSM.

FPGA full form

 What is the full form of FPGA?


  • Field Programmable Gate Array

What does FPGA mean?

FPGA is an IC that can be programmable to perform a customized operation for a specific application. It contains ten thousand or to more than a million logic gates with programmable interconnection. In the field of VLSI, FPGA has been very popular. There are input-output blocks, which are designed and numbered according to function. For each module of logic level composition, these are called as the CLB's. Languages such as a VHDL and Verilog are used to write for FPGA programming.

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CPLD full form

 What is the full form of CPLD?


  • Complex Programmable Logic Device

What does CPLD mean?

A CPLD is an innovative product compared to earlier logic devices like programmable logic ad programmable array logic. A CPLD has a complexity between PALs ad FPGA. It also has the architectural features of both PALs and FPGAs. The main architectural difference between a CPLD ad FPGA is based on lookup tables, whereas CPLDs are based on a sea of gates.

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  1. Full form of PLD
  2. Full form of PLA 
  3. Full form of PAL
  4. Full form of GAL
  5. Full form of FPGA
  6. Full form of CLB
  7. Full form of VHDL
  8. Full form of HDL
  9. Full form of ASIC
  10. Full form of VLSI
  11. Full form of ULSI
  12. Full form of SSI
  13. Full form of MSI
  14. Full form of LSI
  15. Full form of CAD

MPCB Full form

 What is the MPCB full form in electrical?


  • Motor Protection Circuit Breaker

What does MPCB mean?

MPCB is a combination protection unit comprising the function of a switch, a short circuit protective device, and an overload relay. They are designed for various current ratings to suit different motor ratings. MPCB is a device that is used to open and close a circuit manually and interrupt the circuit automatically on the occurrence of faults.

OCB full form

 What is the full form of OCB?


  • Oil Circuit Breaker

What does OCB mean?

OIL is the one of the oldest type of circuit breaker. It includes a separate contacts and the main function of these contacts is to separate an insulating oil. It has good insulating properties compare with air. When the fault occurs then the contact of the breaker will open beneath the oil. Once the arc is struck among the two contact of the breaker then the heat of the arc will dissolve the surrounding oil and separates into a significant volume of gaseous hydrogen at high pressure. The main features of this circuit breakers are low cost, simplicity and reliability.

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AFCI full form

 What is the full form of AFCI in electrical?


  • Arc Fault Circuit Interrupter

What does AFCI mean?

AFCI is a type of circuit breakers which protect against an unintentional electrical discharged in an electrical or wiring that could cause a fire. Once the breaker senses the electrical jump and abnormal path, it instantly disconnect and the damaged to the circuit before the arc builds enough heat to catch fire.

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GFCI full form

 What is GFCI full form in electrical?


  • Ground Fault Circuit Interrupter

What does GFCI mean?

GFCI is an electrical device that is used to protect you from severe electrical shocks. GFCI circuit breaker cuts the power to the entire circuit. GFCI disconnects the circuit when an unbalanced current is detected between an energized conductor and neutral return conductors. They are tripped by an overload of the current. at that time short circuit line to ground fault. This can occur when an unwanted path forms between an electrical current and grounded elements.

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VCB full form

 What the VCB full form in electrical?


  • Vacuum Circuit Breaker

What does VCB mean?

As we know, the basic function of the circuit breaker is an automatically operated electrical switch and it is to protect an electrical circuit and also device from damage caused by overload or short circuit. This is the basic function is to detect a fault condition. It is also by interrupting continuity, to immediately discontinue electrical flow. The vacuum circuit breaker comprises a steel arc chamber in the center of symmetrically arranged ceramic insulators.

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ACB full form

 What is the ACB full form in electrical?


  • Air Circuit Breaker

What does ACB mean?

ACB is an electrical device that is used to provide overcurrent and short circuit protection for electric circuits over 800 Amps to 10K amps. There are usually used in low voltage applications below voltage 450. We can find these systems in distribution panels. Air circuit breakers operate with their contact in free air. Their method of arc quenching control is entirely different from that of oil breakers. 

Difference between Synchronous and Asynchronous Sequential Circuits

The sequential circuit is one of the major categories of digital logic circuits. Based on the clock input, it is further classified into synchronous circuits and asynchronous circuits. So here this article gives the main comparison between a synchronous and asynchronous sequential circuit to better understand this topic.

Difference between synchronous and  asynchronous sequential circuit:

  • The synchronous sequential circuit is a digital sequential circuit in which the feedback to the input for the next output generation is governed by clock signals, while in the asynchronous sequential circuit are a digital sequential circuit in which the feedback to the input for the next output generation is not governed by the clock signals.
  • In a Synchronous sequential circuit, the memory unit which is being got used for governance is clocked flip flop, on the other hand, unlocked flip flop or time delay is used as a memory element in case of an asynchronous sequential circuit.
  • The states of Synchronous sequential circuits are always predictable and thus reliable, while in the hand there are chances for the asynchronous sequential circuit to enter into a wrong state because of the time difference between the arrival of inputs. This is called race conditions.
  • The synchronous circuit is used in counter, shift register, and memory units, while in the asynchronous sequential circuit are used in low power and high-speed operations such as simple microprocessors, digital signal processing systems, and communication system for an email application, internet access, and networking.
  • Synchronous sequential circuit is easy to design, on the other hand, the presence of feedback among logic gates causes instability issues making the design of asynchronous sequential circuit.
  • Due to the propagation delay of a clock signal in reaching all elements of the circuits the synchronous sequential circuits are slower in its operating speed. While in asynchronous sequential circuits since there are no clock signals, these are fast compared to the synchronous sequential circuits.

Difference Between Synchronous and Asynchronous Counter

As we know that in digital electronics, the counter is a sequential logic circuit consisting of a series of flip flops which is used to count the number of occurrences of input in terms of positive or negative edge transitions. Now based on the way the flip flops are triggered we can differentiate between synchronous and asynchronous counter.

What is the synchronous counter?

The synchronous counter also referred to as a parallel counter contains flip flops that are all in sync with each other. Their clock input is connected together and is triggered by the same external clock signal.

What is the Asynchronous counter?

 An asynchronous counter is the one also referred to as serial counter as here the flip flops that constitute the counter are connected serially and the input clock pulse is provided to the first flip flop in the connection.

Difference between synchronous and asynchronous counter:

  •  Synchronous counter all flip flops are triggered with the same clock simultaneously,  Asynchronous counter, different flip flops are triggered with different clock, not simultaneously.
  • The synchronous counter is faster than the Asynchronous counter in operation, the asynchronous counter is slower than the Synchronous counter in operation.
  • Synchronous counter designing and implementation are complex due to increasing the total number of states,  asynchronous counter designing as well as implementation is very easy.
  • The synchronous counter does not produce any decoding errors, the asynchronous counter produces decoding error.
  • The synchronous counter is also called a parallel counter, the asynchronous counter is also a serial counter.
  • The synchronous counter will operate in any desired count sequence, the asynchronous counter will operate only in a fixed count sequence
  • Synchronous counterexamples are ring counter, johnson counter, asynchronous counter-example counter, there is high propagation delay.

Difference Between Heat and Temperature

As we know that both heat and temperature are the concepts of thermodynamics, that work together to let the energy flow from the hotter body to the cooler body. While the heat depends on the number of particles in an object, the temperature does not depend on a number of particles in an object because it is an average measurement.

Definition of Heat:

As we know, the heat of an object is the aggregate energy of all molecular movement inside the object. A form of energy that is transmitted from one object or source to another due to the difference in their temperature. It moves from a hotter object to the cooler one. Its measurement can be done in energy units, calorie, or joules.

Definition of Temperature:

Temperature is defined as the average kinetic energy of all molecules together, the average energy of all the particles in an object. As an average measurement, the temperature of a substance does not rely on its size and the types. so the temperature is identified how hot or cold an object is, in degrees. It also measures the speed of atoms and molecules of the substance.

Difference between heat and temperature:

  • Heat is nothing but the amount of energy in a body, while in temperature is something that measures the intensity of heat.
  • Heat is one form of energy, it is thermal energy. While in temperature is not an energy, it is the thermal state of a physical body.
  • Heat is represented by Q while in temperature is represented as a T.
  • A calorimeter is a device, which is used to measure the heat. On the other hand, the temperature can be measured by the thermometer.
  • Heat is not a property of the thermodynamic process, while the temperature is a property of the thermodynamic system.
  • Heat value must be in positive form, while in temperature value positive or negative.
  • The main features of heat are that it travels from a hotter region to a cooler region, while in temperature which rises when heated and falls when cooled.
  • Heat measures both kinetic and potential energy contained by molecules in an object, while in temperature measures the average kinetic energy of molecules in a substance.
  • The standard unit of measurement of heat is joules, while that of temperature is Kelvin, but also be measured in Celsius and Fahrenheit.
  • Heat processes of the ability to work, but the temperature is used exclusively to gauge the extent of heat, temperature is the ability to measure the degree of the total amount of heat.
  • Heat is exchangeable, it can flow from one body to another. Temperature is not exchangeable,  only heat can be exchange.
  • Heat is not a fundamental property of matter, while in temperature is a fundamental property of matter.
  • Heat is a path function, Temperature is a point function.
  • The heat flows from the hotter body to the colder body, Temperature increases when heated and decreases when cooled.
  • The heat flow between two bodies does not rely on the amount of heat present in the bodies, while in temperature is decides whether or not heat flow occur between two bodies.

Difference between stationary and progressive waves

Both stationary and progressive wave is the one that allows propagation waves are the two categories in which wave is classified. So here this article gives the main key difference between stationary and progressive waves to better understand this topic.

What is a stationary wave?

A stationary wave or standing wave is static. Which remains in between the boundaries of the medium and does not travel. Each particle within the wave has its characteristic vibrations.

What is a progressive wave?

A progressive wave or traveling wave is the one that allows propagation of energy through the medium as the wave continuously travels in one direction where the amplitude is kept constant.

Difference between stationary and progressive wave

  • The energy is confined within the medium, while the transfer of energy from a location to another within the medium takes place.
  • Each particle of the wave exhibits different vibration at the same instant of time in a stationary wave, while in the progressive wave the transfer of energy from a location to another within. The medium takes place.
  • The molecular vibration of stationary wave in each particle of the wave exhibits different vibration at the same instant of time, while in a progressive wave each particle of the wave possesses similar vibration at the different instant of time.
  • The amplitude characteristics of the particle are different in stationary waves, while in progressive wave amplitude characteristics of particles are the same.
  • The velocity at the mean position of the stationary wave, all particles have their own maximum velocity, while in a progressive wave all particles have similar maximum velocity.
  • The motion is not transferable among the particles, while in a progressive wave motion can be easily transferred among the particles.
  • In double the distance present between 2 consecutive nodes or antinodes, In progressive wave the distance between the point of similar phase at a similar time instant.
  • Change in pressure and density is not uniform in the stationary wave ut the change in pressure and density is uniform in progressive waves. 
  • The crests and through of the waveform appear and disappear at the initial position, while in progressive the crests and throughs of the waveform move in the forward direction.
  • Stationary wave is produced by the intersection of opposite waves, progressive waves are formed by any disturbance in the medium.
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RCA full form

 What is the full form of RCA cable?


  • Radio Corporation America

What does RCA mean?

RCA connector also called a phono connector or in a cinch connector is the type of electrical connector type which is commonly used to carry audio and video signals. Which introduced the design by the early 1940s to allow mono phonograph players to be connected to the amplifier.

Difference Between Open Loop and Closed Loop System

One of the most significant differences in the open-loop and closed-loop control system is that in an open-loop system the desired output does not depend on the control action. Whereas in the closed-loop system the desired output depends on the control action of the system. So here this article gives the main key difference between the open-loop ad close loop system to better understand this topic.

Open-loop control system:

In an open-loop control system, the output does not affect the control action of the system. In other words, the system whose working depends on time is knowns as the open-loop system is free from the feedback. 

Closed-loop control system:

The closed-loop control systems mean the output of the system depends on their input. The system has one or more feedback loop between its output and input. While we are using the closed-loop system design in such a way that they automatically provide the desired output by comparing it with the actual input. The closed-loop system the error signal which is the difference between the input and output.

Difference between open and closed-loop system:

  • The open-loop system which means the output of the system is free from their input. while in the closed-loop system, the desired output depends on their input.
  • The accuracy of the open-loop system is less as compared to the closed-loop system.
  • The open-loop system is not optimized, The closed-loop system is optimized.
  • The open-loop system is called the non-feedback system whereas the closed-loop is the feedback system.
  • The open-loop system gives a fast response, whereas The closed-loop system gives a slow response.
  • The calibration of an open-loop system is difficult as compared to the closed-loop system.
  • The open-loop system the disturbance affected the output, whereas in a closed-loop system the output is not much affected by the disturbances.
  • The open-loop system is not reliable, the closed-loop system is reliable.
  • The open-loop system is stable as compared to closed-loop systems. Here the word stale means the output of the system remains constant even after the disturbances.
  • The construction of systems is easy because few elements are used in the system, The construction of the close loop system is quite difficult. 
  • The output control system has a non-linear response, whereas the input control system has a linear response.
  • The traffic light, automatic washing machine, etc are examples of the output system, whereas the temperature controller, toaster, etc are the example of the closed-loop systems.
  • The control and controlled process are other the two components of the open-loop system. The close loop requires some components like an amplifier, controller, controlled process, feedback system, etc.
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Difference between VGA and HDMI

VGA ad HDMI are two video standard that is being used in the world today. The primary key difference between these two is in the format of the information that it conveys.  So here this article gives the main key difference between VGA and HDMI to better understand this topic. 

What is VGA?

VGA stands for Video graphic array, it is considered an old school technology. It is one of the oldest connection standards found on the market today. It was first created by IBM and introduced to the world in the year od 1987. It was commonly used for video cards, computer monitors, TV sets, and laptops.

What is HDMI?

HDMI stands for High definition multimedia interface. HDMI is a simpler, more accurate way of transmitting data between components. HDMI is an alternative to other connections, such as a DVI or component video. This system consists of digital television that includes HDMI inputs and components with HDMI outputs.  An HDMI cable, which consists of 19 individual wires into a single cable, is used to connect the Two. The interface resembles a large USB connection, with the number of 19 pins or holes.

Difference between VGA and HDMI:

  • VGA stands for Video graphics array while in HDMI stands for high definition multimedia interface.
  • VGA is an analog video standard while the HDMI is digital.
  • VGA is very old while the HDMI is still pretty new.
  • VGA is usually used in computers but HDMI is widely used in HD tv sets and media players.
  • VGA can only carry a video signal while HDMI can carry a lot of signals another signal along with the video.
  • VGA is not hot-pluggable, RGB analog video signal, 15 pins, While in HDMI is hot-pluggable, external, digital video and audio signal, 19 or 29 pins.
  • In VGA, VGA to DVI available, while in HDMI compatible with DVI and VGA converters.
  • In VGA requires separate audio cable, While in HDMI LPCM, Dolby Digital, DTS, DVD-audio, super audio CD, Dolby digital plus, Dolby true HD, DTS- HD master audio, MPCM, DSD, and DST.

Difference between VGA and DVI

VGA and DVI are a connector type that is used to transmit video from a source to a display device like a monitor or projector. The main difference between VGA and DVI is in picture quality and the way the video signal level. So here this article gives the what is difference between VGA and DVI to better understand this topic.

What is VGA?

VGA stands for Video graphic array, it is considered an old school technology. It is one of the oldest connection standards found on the market today. It was first created by IBM and introduced to the world in the year od 1987. It was commonly used for video cards, computer monitors, TV sets, and laptops.

What is DVI?

DVI stands for digital visual interface and it offers a distinctly sharper, better picture than VGA. It is a unique connector because it can carry both digital and analog signals. DVI can also easily converts to other standards like HDMI and VGA.

Difference between VGA and DVI:

  • VGA stands for video graphics array, while DVI stands for the digital visual interface.
  • In picture quality of the VGA connector to be degraded from digital to analog conversion and it will back and due to the analog signal being susceptible to noise, The maximum resolution claim for a VGA connector is 2053 * 1536. While in DVI is a cleaner, faster, and more precise display with hardware that supports DVI.
  • VGA has not hot-pluggable, RGB analog video signal, 15 pins, while in DVI is a hot-pluggable, external, digital video signal, 29 pins.
  • The compatibility of VGA to DVI and VGA to HDMI converters available, While in  DVI can convert to other standards like HDMI and VGAs.
  • VGA is analog form, DVI is their types of cable DVI-A analog-only while in  DVI-D digital-only and DVI-I digital and analog both.
  • VGA and DVI have no audio signal, both require a separate audio cable.

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