ASIC advantages and disadvantages

ASIC can offer greater performance, lower power, higher voltage, and also reduce the footprint of materials and increased reliability. Also, ASIC offers higher security, as an ASIC is far harder to reverse engineer than a microcontroller or FPGA design, where the IP stored in easy to read memory. So here this article gives the main key advantages and disadvantages of ASIC to better understand this topic.

Advantages of ASIC:

  • For every high volume, design cost comes out very less. Larger volumes of ASIC design implementation proves to be cheaper than implementing design using FPGA.
  • ASIC is faster than FPGA. This gives an enormous opportunity for speed optimizations.
  • In ASIC you can implement analogue circuits, mixed-signal designs. This is generally not possible in FPGA.
  • ASIC gives design flexibility.
  • ASIC can be optimized for required low power, Low power ASIC helps battery lives a longer life.
  • In ASIC DET is inserted. In FGPGA DET is not carried out.

Disadvantages of ASIC:

  • Some large ASICs can take a year or more to time to design. A good way to shorten development time is to make prototypes using FPGA and then switch to an ASIC.
  • ASIC design tools are very much expensive and costly, you spend a huge amount of NRE.
  • In ASIC you should take care of some of the DFM issues, this signal integrity issues, and many more. In FPGA you don't have a;; these because the ASIC designer takes care of all these.

FPGA applications

 Let us check out the application of FPGA in this article one by one. 

What is the application of FPGA?

  • It is used for automation
  • Cryptography
  • Development board and shields for microcontrollers
  • It is also used for solar energy
  • Scientific instruments
  • Industrial IoT
  • Industrial motor control
  • Computer hardware emulation
  • Embedded vision
  • Data mining
  • Broadcast
  • Wireless communications
  • Video and image processing
  • Aerospace and defense
  • Medical electronics
  • Digital television
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MEO full form

 What is the full form of MEO?

Answer:

  • Medium Earth Orbit

What does MEO mean?

MEO is a satellite system that is used in telecommunication systems. MEO is a satellite's orbit of the earth between 1000 and 22300 miles above the earth's surface. MEO is mainly used in geographical positioning systems and is not stationary in relation to the rotation of the earth.

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  1. Full form of  PCO
  2. Full form of NASA
  3. Full form of GSLV
  4. Full form of  SSLV
  5. Full form of PSLV
  6. Full form of INCOSPAR
  7. Full form of ISRO
  8. Full form of  GTO
  9. Full form of  HEO

HEO full form

 What is the full form of HEO?

Answer:

  • Highly Elliptical Orbit

What does HEO mean?

HEO is an elliptic orbit with its high eccentricity. It is usually referring to one around the earth. Examples of inclined HEO orbit include molniya orbits, which a named after the molniya soviet called for communication satellites which are used them and tundra orbits.

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  1. Full form of  PCO
  2. Full form of NASA
  3. Full form of GSLV
  4. Full form of  SSLV
  5. Full form of PSLV
  6. Full form of INCOSPAR
  7. Full form of ISRO
  8. Full form of  GTO
  9. Full form of MEO
  10. Full form of GSAT
  11. Full form of LEO

LEO full form in satellite

 What is the full form of LEO?

Answer:

  • Low Earth Orbit

What does LEO mean?

LEO is an object, is in orbit around the earth with an altitude above the earth's surface from 160 km to 2000 kilometers. LEO is high enough to cross all the mountains. It is also high enough that atmospheric drag won't bring satellites right back home again. Satellites are commonly used for communications, military reconnaissance, spying, and other imaging applications.

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  1. Full form of  PCO
  2. Full form of NASA
  3. Full form of GSLV
  4. Full form of  SSLV
  5. Full form of PSLV
  6. Full form of INCOSPAR
  7. Full form of ISRO
  8. Full form of  GTO
  9. Full form of  HEO
  10. Full form of MEO
  11. Full form of GSAT

GTO full form in satellite

 What is the full form of  GTO in satellite?

Answer:

  • Geostationary Transfer Orbit

What does GTO mean?

GTO is a type of geocentric orbit. Which are destined for geosynchronous or called as the geostationary orbit which is always put into a GTO as an intermediate step for reaching their final orbit. A GTO is basically highly elliptic. It is perigee is typically as high as low earth orbit(LEO), while its apogee is a high as geostationary orbit. That makes it a human transfer orbit between LEO and GSO.

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  1. Full form of MEO
  2. Full form of LEO

GSAT full form

 What is the full form of GSAT?

Answer:

  • Geostationary Satellite

What does GSAT mean?

GSAT satellites are India indigenously developed communications satellites. Which is used for digital audio, data, and video broadcasting. The GSAT satellites of ISRO have been launched out of which 14 satellites are in service. The GSAT series of geostationary Satellites is a system developed by ISRO with an objective to make India self-reliant in broadcasting services.

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  1. Full form of  PCO
  2. Full form of NASA
  3. Full form of GSLV
  4. Full form of  SSLV
  5. Full form of PSLV
  6. Full form of INCOSPAR
  7. Full form of ISRO
  8. Full form of  GTO
  9. Full form of LEO
  10. Full form of  HEO
  11. Full form of MEO

Full form of INCOSPAR

 What is the full form of INCOSPAR?

Answer:

  • Indian National Committee For Space Research 

What does INCOSPAR mean?

INCOSPAR  was set up by the government of India by Dr. Vikram Sarabhai in 1962.  It emerges from the Indian space research organization in 1969. At a time the committee was part of the Tata Institute of the fundamental research center. The committee took over the responsibilities of the department of atomic energy in space science and research.

PSLV full form

 What is the full form of PSLV?

Answer:

  • Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle

What does PSLV mean?

PSLV is a third-generation launch vehicle of India. It is the first Indian launch vehicle to be equipped with liquid stages. PSLV was introduced to enable India to launch its satellites for IRS into sun-synchronous orbits. It could also be used to launch GTO satellites of a small size. During the 1994-2017 period time, the vehicle launched 48 Indian satellites and 209 satellites for customers from abroad.

Full form of SSLV

 What is the full form of SSLV?

Answer:

  • Small satellite Launch vehicle

What does SSLV mean?

The SSLV being built by ISRO will offer affordable launch options in India. India which helps boost revenues, the space agency commercial arm, has said.  currently, small satellites are being piggybacked on the bigger ones once launched using the polar satellite launch vehicle and the Geosynchronous launch vehicle. With satellites becoming smaller and launch options limited these satellites can be sent on the SSLV.

Full form of GSLV

 What is the full form of GSLV?

Answer:

  • Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle

What does GSLV mean?

GSLV is a satellite launch vehicle developed and operated by the Indian space organization. IGSLV used in thirteen from 2001 to 2018, with more launches planned. It was launched eleven satellites to date. It is used to lunch satellites and space objects into the geosynchronous transfer or its. It was launched the first satellite in 2001 and the most recent satellite was launched on 5 May 2017. 

Full form of NASA

 What is the full form of NASA?

Answer:

  • National Aeronautics and Space Administration

What does NASA mean?

NASA is the USA government independent agency that works for the civilian space program as well as for aeronautics, scientific discovery, and earth and aerospace research. It was founded by the national aeronautics and space act on 1 October 1958 by the president of Dwight D Eisenhower. It deals with the development of peaceful space science technologies instead of military ones and charge of US science and technology with space exploration and aircraft.

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  1. Full form of  ISRO
  2. Full form of  PCO
  3. Full form of NASA
  4. Full form of GSLV
  5. Full form of  SSLV
  6. Full form of PSLV
  7. Full form of INCOSPAR
  8. Full form of  GSAT
  9. Full form of  GTO
  10. Full form of LEO
  11. Full form of  HEO
  12. Full form of MEO

                      Full form of ISRO

                       What is the full form of ISRO?

                      Answer:

                      • Indian Space Research Organization

                      What does ISRO mean?

                      The ISRO is the space agency of the Indian government and its headquarters in Bengaluru. ISRO was formed in 1969 with the vision to develop and harness space technology in national development. while pursuing planetary exploration and space science research. ISRO replaced its predecessor, INCOSPA, whose establish in 1962 by India's first prime minister pt Jawaharlal Nehru and great Indian scientist, Vikram Sarabhai, considered amongst the founding father of the Indian space program.

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                      1. Full form of  PCO
                      2. Full form of NASA
                      3. Full form of GSLV
                      4. Full form of  SSLV
                      5. Full form of PSLV
                      6. Full form of INCOSPAR
                      7. Full form of  GSAT
                      8. Full form of  GTO
                      9. Full form of LEO
                      10. Full form of  HEO
                      11. Full form of MEO

                      Full form of PCO

                       What is the full form of PCO?

                      Answer:

                      • Public Call Office

                      What does PCO mean?

                      A PCO is a telephone facility located in a public place in India and Pakistan. It also another name in the UK for public telephone boxes. In India BSNL a public sector corporation has the largest installation of PCO in India. While Pakistan, PCO is provided PTCL called Pakistan telecommunication company, telecare, Dancom, etc. These companies are usually provided calling card-based domestic and international telecom services.

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                      1. Full form of LEO
                      2. Full form of  HEO

                      Full form of TMCB

                      What is the full form of TMCB?

                      Answer:

                      • Thermal Magnetic Circuit Breaker

                      What does TMCB mean?

                      TMCB is a device that provides against overcurrent in the circuit. The circuit breaker uses an automatically operated electrical switch to disrupt the flow of current when an overload or short circuit is detected. Thermal magnetic circuit breakers do this using electromagnet bimetallic strips.

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                      1. Full form of ACB
                      2. Full form of VCB
                      3. Full form of GFCI
                      4. Full form of AFCI
                      5. Full form of OCB
                      6. Full form of MCB
                      7. Full form of SFU
                      8. Full form of MCCB
                      9. Full form of RCCB
                      10. Full form of ELCB
                      11. Full form of MPCB

                      Advantages and disadvantages of monolithic ics

                      The word monolithic is derived from the word Greek monos, meaning means a single, and lithos, meaning stone. Thus the monolithic circuit is built into a single stone or single crystal in using the monolithic ICs, and all circuit components and their interconnection are formed. So here this article gives the main key advantages ad disadvantages of monolithic IC to better understand this topic.

                      Advantages of Monolithic IC:

                      • Miniature to the small in size. The IC becomes a lot smaller, when compared to the discrete circuit, it may be at least a thousand times smaller.
                      • All IC is tested for operating ranges in very low and very high temperatures.
                      • It Improved the functional performance of the more complex circuits. It can be fabricated for achieving better characteristics.
                      • Due to its small size, the weight of the IC also reduces when compared to the discrete circuit.
                      • The small size of the IC causes lesser power consumption and lesser power loss.
                      • All components are fabricated inside the using chip, so there will not be any external projection ratings.
                      • All the components are fabricated is very close to each other in an Integrated circuit, they are highly suitable for small-signal operation of a device, as there won't be any stray electrical pickup. 
                      • The PCB consisting of soldered joins will be less reliable. This problem is omitted in IC because of no soldered joints, with fewer interconnections and thus highly reliable.
                      • As the IC is produced in bulk the temperature coefficients &  some other parameters will be closely matching.
                      • Increased operating speed because of the absence of parasitic capacitance effect.

                      Disadvantages of monolithic ICs:

                      • Low-power
                      • Poor isolation between components.
                      • NO possibility of fabrication of inductors.
                      • A small range of values of passive components used in the ICs.
                      • In this IC's there is a lack of flexibility in circuit design as for making any variation in the circuit, a new set of masks is required.

                      EPLD full form

                       What is the full form of EPLD?

                      Answer:

                      • Electrically Programmable Logic Device

                      What does EPLD mean?

                      EPLD is a type of  PLD with an array of initially unconnected programmable logic devices. This type of PLD needs its array of logic devices to be configured or programmed by the user electrically. PLD is used to build a reconfigurable device that can be used in a variety of applications depending on their programming.

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                      1. Full form of PLD
                      2. Full form of PLA 
                      3. Full form of ASIC
                      4. Full form of PAL
                      5. Full form of ULSI
                      6. Full form of SSI
                      7. Full form of MSI
                      8. Full form of LSI
                      9. Full form of CAD
                      10. Full form of VLSI
                      11. Full form of PGA
                      12. Full form of CE
                      13. Full form of CGPA
                      14. Full form of CLB
                      15. Full form of CPLD
                      16. Full form of HDL
                      17. Full form of FPGA
                      18. Full form of VHDL
                      19. Full form of GAL

                      CPLD applications

                       What are the Applications of CPLD?

                      • CPLD is ideal for high performance, critical control applications.
                      • CPLD can be used in digital design to perform the functions of the boot loader.
                      • It is used in small design applications like address decoding.
                      • This is used for loading the configuration data of a field-programmable gate array from non-volatile memory.
                      • It is used to manage power-up sequencing and monitoring of other devices on the board.
                      • CPLD is frequently used in many applications like in cost-sensitive, battery-operated portable devices due to its size and usage of low power.

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                      1. PAL applications
                      2. FPGA applications
                      3. Features of FPGA

                      programmable array logic applications

                      Let us check out the PAL applications here in this article one by one below.  

                      What are the applications of PAL?

                      • PAL is the most commonly used type of PLA
                      • Counter 
                      • State machine
                      • Decoder
                      • Synchronization
                      • Bus Interfaces
                      • Parallel to serial
                      • Serial to parallel
                      • Glue logic
                      • Combinational logic circuit
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                      Programmable logic array applications

                      Let us check out the PLA applications here in this article one by one below.   

                      What is the application of PLA?

                      • Counter 
                      • State machine
                      • Decoder
                      • Synchronization
                      • Bus Interfaces
                      • Parallel to serial
                      • Serial to parallel
                      • Glue logic
                      • Combinational logic circuit

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