Fiber optic cable speed

A fiber optic cable is a flexible, as well as transparent fiber made by drawing plastic or glass to a diameter as a means to transmit light between the two ends of the fiber and find wide usage in fiber optic communication system. allow data to be transmitted high speeds over a great distance.


There are two types of fiber :
  • Single mode fiber 
  • Multimode fiber.
The two types of fiber and speed from these two fibers are different. A single mode fiber cable can run from a few meters to 40 kilometers While multimode fiber optic cable is used for too much shorter ranges. 

Speeds :
  
Fiber optic cable is generally in single mode fiber uses only (OS1) while in multimode uses different (OM1, OM2, OM3, OM4). Single mode fiber optic can reach speed up to 100GB whereas multimode fiber optic run at speed from 100 Mb to 10 GB.

In fiber optic cable transmit at different speed over varying length depending on the size is used.

OM1 - 275 m ,33 m (Gigabit range)
OM2  - 550 m, 82 m (Gigabit range)
OM3 - 800 m, 300 m, 100 m, 100 m (Gigabit range)
OM4 - 1100 m, 550 m, 150 m (Gigabit range)
OS1 - 40km (Gigabit range)

Here we have to also compare the speed of Coaxial cable vs fiber optic cable. 

Fiber optic cable is just flat out faster. Fiber optic cable speed up to 10 Gbps, symmetrical upload as well as download bandwidth.

While in cable internet speed vary by provider and range from 10 Mbps to 1Gbps download speed and upload speed from 3 Mbps to 50 Mbps.