Differences Between LED Bulbs and LED Fixtures

What are the LED bulbs?


LED stands for light-emitting diode, this is a light source is similar to fluorescent, incandescent, and CFL lighting. The LED lamp is energy saving which is typically in the range of 25% to 85%, depending on which type of lamp that is replaced.

What are LED fixtures?


LED fixtures are similar in design to traditional lighting fixtures.  They are specially designed to work with LED light bulbs,  whereas some traditional fixtures are incompatible with LEDs.

The basic key difference between led BULB and LED fixtures are given below. 

Physical Design


The LED bulb looks similar to traditional fluorescent, incandescent, and CFL bulbs, they are a variety of sizes available mow days and it usually interchangeable with traditional light bulbs. The LED has much more common which is to say a fair number of businesses and a handful of households are using them. 

While LED fixtures come in a wide array of sizes, shapes, and styles. They are as varied as traditional lighting fixtures and it can be used both indoors and outdoors depending on the materials making up the fixtures. Fixtures may come with LED bulbs in place or the bulbs may need to be bought separately.

Average lifetime 


The average life span of an LED bulb is around 20000hours. This is significantly longer than the life span of traditional bulbs. The light bulb that has lit up our homes since the 1800s is officially on its way out. 

While in LED fixtures is should be last for many years. as long as it is kept safe from any weather or wear and tear it is not designed to withstand. 

Cost 


The cost of an LED bulb is typically more expensive than comparable to the incandescent bulbs. 

While in LED fixtures are much more expensive than simply buying replacement bulbs. It may be cost for installation and supporting hardware along with the expense of the fixture itself. 

Size


The LED bulb's size is to be small.

While in LED fixtures size must be varied, it may vary larger than bulbs.

Ease of installation


Most of the LED bulbs are interchangeable with some traditional light bulbs, so they can simply be swapped into an existing lamp or fixture. The LED bulb is also easy to uninstall and replaces as they only need to be unscrewed by hand from the connections. 

LED fixtures should be thought of as physical updates to a home or building. Unless the fixture is a standalone lamp, it will most likely need to be properly attached to a ceiling or wall using hardware and tools. When installing some new fixtures is much more complex than replacing an old light bulb with LED one but this method allows for greater design customization and lighting options. 


Related to this above post :

Difference between LED and incandescent light bulb 

Difference between LED and incandescent light bulb

Definition of LED and Incandescent light bulb


What is an LED?

LED stand for light-emitting diode, LED light are not bulbs there is tiny semiconductor wrapped in plastic to protect the element and focus the light. 

What is the incandescent bulb?

The incandescent bulb is a classic light bulb. It produces light by heating a wire filament to a temperature that results in a generation of light. 

The basic key difference between LED and an incandescent light bulb is given below. 


LED Vs Incandescent 

LED called as the light-emitting diode, it is tiny light bulbs that emit light due to the movement of electrons within a semiconductor device that had a varying ability to conduct electrical current while in an incandescent light bulb is a source of light containing a thin strand of material called a filament within a vacuum filled glass bulb that uses electricity to heat the filament until it glows.

The efficiency of LED Vs Incandescent 

LED are energy-efficient light bulbs that consume 25 to 80 % less power than a traditional incandescent light bulb. LED emit very less heat, compared to the incandescent bulbs which in fact release almost 90 % of energy as heat. while on the other hand incandescent light bulb have been around for centuries and used as a common source of light and they are not efficient as LED, So the LED are the obviously the better alternative to power-hungry incandescent bulbs.

The life span of LED Vs Incandescent 

The incandescent light bulb is the least efficient with the shortest life expectancy of the common lighting types, including LEDs. The standard incandescent light bulb can last only 1000 to 2000 hours, depending on usage. But when compared to their LED counterparts life expectancy of an average LED bulb is quoted as 30000 to 50000hours which is almost 25 times incandescent bulbs so the LED bulbs cost a little more than incandescent bulbs.

Efficacy of LED Vs Incandescent 

LED is described in terms of efficacy which is the measure of lumens emitted per watt of electricity consumed. Incandescent light bulbs are the oldest type of lamp. An incandescent light bulb has efficiencies of 10 to 17 lumens per watt. A 100-watt incandescent lamp that emits 1200 lumens has an efficiency of 100, which is more than eight times higher than incandescent, so use very little electricity while emitting the same amount of light.

Cost of LED Vs Incandescent
Incandescent light is much cheaper and also easier to produce than most other forms of lighting.  LED bulbs cost more initially but it saves in energy and replacement quickly makes it's a good investment.

Related to this above post 

Difference between the LED bulb and LED fixtures 

Advantages and disadvantages of vfd

VFD stands for variable frequency drive, it can be used in the AC motors in a highly controlled way. VFD is a precise speed control so that the motor speeds can be a ramp up and ramp down. This article gives information about the pros and cons of variable frequency drive to better understand of this topic. 

Benefits or advantages of variable frequency drive:

  • It is better to process control.
  • VFD is of greater efficiency.
  • It is a smooth start and stops.
  • It is noise reduction.
  • It is reduced motor heating.
  • VFD has less cost.
  • It controls speed.
  • It reduced harmonics.
  • It increases the power factor.
  • It is a smooth acceleration and deceleration time.
  • It provides communication features.
  • FWD and reversion options also are provided.
  • Variable acceleration-deceleration options and many more depending on the application.

Drawback or disadvantages of variable frequency drive:

  • Some harmonics distortion.
  • Electromagnetic interference.
  • Inrush current.
  • Limited motor lead length.
  • Cable failures.
  • Motor bearing failures.
  • High voltage spikes.
  • Corona discharge.
  • It is a standing wave.
  • It is transients.


You can also check it out : 


We hope that you have got a better understanding of this concept. Furthermore, any quires regarding this concept or some electrical and electronics projects give your feedback in the comment section below. 

Difference between soft starter and VFD

Soft starter and variable frequency drive called VFD.  A soft starter is a regulator actually for motor statting and it just changing the output voltage. VFD is for AC motor speed control it is not only changing the output voltage but it will also change the frequency. VFD has all the features of soft starter but the price is much more expensive than the soft starter and its structure is much more complex. There are some basic differences between these two soft starters vs VFD.


What is a soft starter?


As we know that, a soft starter is a device that starts motors with reduced power supplied at the start-up reducing the power reduces potentially damaging electrical and mechanical shocks on the system.


What is VFD?


Before we learn about VFD first let us understand what is the full form of VFD? 
VFD stands for variable frequency drive, It is a type of motor controller that drives an electric motor by varying the frequency and voltage supplied to the electric motor. A basic VFD system generally consists of an AC motor, it is a controller and an operator interface.

Difference between a soft starter and Variable frequency drive :

  • Soft starters are used to start and stop a motor smoothly, Variable frequency drives are used to start and stop and control a motor throughout its operation.
  • Soft starter most of the time bypassed as soon as the motor reaches its full speed, but in variable frequency, drives to control a motor throughout its operation.
  • A soft starter is not harmonics while in VFD is harmonics are injected to the mains, hence additional filters should be used.
  • Soft starter saves less energy throughout is life while VFD can save more energy throughout is life.
  • VFD is more expensive as compared to the soft starter.
  • VFD has more space needed as compared to the soft starter.

Where we have to use soft starters:
  • In an application where speed control is not essential.
  • In low and medium torque applications.
  • Reduce wear and tear during start and stop.
  • In an application where the initial cost is low.

Where we have to use a variable frequency drive:
  • Variable frequency drives are used in applications where complete control over the speed is essential.
  • In high torque applications.
  • Where the initial cost and size are no problem.

Advantages and disadvantages of ethernet

Ethernet cable is conceptually simple and easy to install, it supports quick transfer speeds and fairly affordable. Ethernet cable is difficult to troubleshoot and requires a lot of effort to reconfigurable once installed. Here this post gives information about benefits or advantages and drawbacks or disadvantages of ethernet to better understand this topic.

Benefits or advantages of ethernet

  • To form an ethernet, we do not need much. It is costless as compare to other systems of connecting computers.
  • It does not require any switches or hubs.
  • Mainatenance and administaiton are simple.
  • Ethernet is easy to maintain and troubleshoot the ethernet network.
  • All the nodes have the same privileges. It does not follow client-server architecture.
  • With the gigabit network, the user can transfer data with the speed of 1-10 Gbps.
  • The cable used to connect systems in ethernet is robust to noise and hence the quality of the connection is maintained without any degradation.
  • As it is robust to the noise, the quality of the data transfer does not degrade so the data transfer quality is good.

Drawbacks or disadvantages of ethernet

  • It offers a nondeterministic service.
  • It does not hold good for real-time applications as it requires deterministic service.
  • The ethernet network does not prioritize traffic in order to support an effective class of service. 
  • As it is designed to support real-time voice and video traffic initially it works best for traffic consisting of data solely.
  • The gigabit ethernet is still not in use at many places and hence will take time for the common man to have benefits of this ethernet version.
  • As the network cannot set priority for the packets, it is not suitable for the client-server architecture.
  • The 100 base - T4 version requires 4 pairs of wiring to support data transfer. Moreover, it can not support full-duplex data communication mode.
  • It provides connectionless communication over the network.
  • After receiving a packet the receiver will don't send any acknowledge message.
  • If you are using it for interactive applications, you have to require some dummy data to make the frame size 46B which is mandatory.
  • It is not suitable for traffic-intensive applications.
  • Ethernet is to be difficult to troubleshoot what cable or node is uses in the network causing an actual problem.


We hope that you have got a better understanding of this concept. Furthermore, any quires regarding this concept or some electrical and electronics projects give your feedback in the comment section below. 

Advantages and disadvantages of analog multimeter


Analog multimeter was the first of its type, but due to the latest technological development after the development of digital multimeter, nowadays it is of less use.  Here this post we are going to discuss the advantages and disadvantages of analog multimeter to better understand this topic.

Benefits or advantages of an analog multimeter


It is cheaper compared to digital meter 

When you have to start with some benefits of analog multimeter, we have to start first with the price. When you have to look at the digital multimeter you should always try to buy digital multimeter but make sure that the budget of digital multimeter and analog multimeter are not the same. An analog multimeter is cheaper than a digital multimeter and that's why people still use analog multimeters.

Response quickly to the measurement 

The response time of the analog multimeter is pretty and quick. Response time never is an issue. Although you have to read the parameters manually, you do not need to wait for the result to appear. There are lots of users are more comfortable with an analog multimeter.

No batteries are required 

This is one of the best advantages to compared to all, It is a good thing about in analog multimeter is that it does not require any battery, except when you have to need to measure resistance but digital multimeter work with batteries. 

Drawback or Disadvantages of an analog multimeter


Required manual reading parameter

Analog multimeter requires manual reading of parameters from the scale which is cumbersome, unlike digital multimeter.

Movement is slow

The pointer movement is too slow, can't be used to measure the voltage with frequencies higher than 50 Hz.

Inaccurate result 

The result is not accurate compared to a digital multimeter. The inaccurate results are caused due to three types of errors like improper counting on the scale, improper range setting, wrong setting on AC/DC.

Lack of advanced features

Analog multimeter works pretty well. However, unlike digital multimeter analog multimeters lack analytical power. That means analog multimeter does not have advanced features. The advance measurement such as frequency, impedance, waveform analysis, etc which are commonly measured by using a digital multimeter.

Size and cost 

Analog multimeter are bulky in size and they are costly.

Robustness

Analog multimeter uses a needle that is rotated by a magnetic field. It gets damaged if the meter gets dropped by mistake.


Related to this above post:

Advantages and Disadvantages of a digital multimeter


We hope that you have got a better understanding of this concept. Furthermore, any quires regarding this concept or some electrical and electronics projects give your feedback in the comment section below. 

Difference between batten and conduit wiring

Definition of batten wiring and conduit wiring


What is Batten Wiring:


In this wiring system, a wooden batten system is must be used. All wire cable is installed on the smooth batten with a steel clip and steel clip are installed on the surface of batten to equal the wooden batten is installed on the wall of the width with the help of a 5-inch screw. The material must be used in CTS or TRS cable and the pin is to be used. the batten available size such as 15,
20,25,40  mm.

What is conduit wiring:


Conduit wiring is a wiring system where the cables are enclosed in some metal or plastic tubes. The conductors have insulation which is rated at the voltage required but it gives no mechanical protection.


Difference between batten wiring and conduit wiring:


Batten Wiring:


The material used in batten wiring:

  • CTS or TRS cable
  • Stright teak wooden batten
  • Brass pins
  • Tinned brass link clip


Conduit wiring:


The material used in conduit wiring:
  • VIR or PVC insulated cables
  • GI wire of 18SWG
  • Coupling
  • Screw
  • Rigid offset
  • elbow
  • Locknut
  • 2 hole strap
  • There are two types  1.is a metallic conduit and 2. nonmetallic conduit 
  • Class A type of conduit: thin layer steel sheet low gauge conduit
  • Class B type of conduit: a thick sheet of steel high gauge conduit
  • Non metallic conduit: 13, 16.2, 18.75,20,25,37,50 and 63 mm PVC conduit

Cost:


The cost of batten wiring is low as compared to conduit wiring, conduit wiring is very costly.

Life:


As compared to batten wiring, conduit wiring life is very long.

Addition OR alternation:


In batten wiring, the alternation is very easy while conduit wiring alternation is very difficult.


Procedure:


The procedure of conduit wiring:

This type of wiring is not easy to install. On the surface of the wall or ceiling conduit pipes are attached with the help of 2 holes strap and base clip at a rectangular certain distance. Next, GI wire is must be used to lay down the wires through the conduit pipe.

The procedure of batten wiring:

Group of single or double or three core cables is must be used to lay on the straight teak wooden batten. The cables are held with the help of a tinned brass link clip or uses of buckle clip. Brass pins are used to fix the buckle clips on the wooden batten. Buckle clip is basically fixed brass pin on the wooden batten at an interval 10 cm for horizontal runs and 15 cm for vertical runs.

Reliability:


The reliability of conduit wiring is very good as compared to batten wiring.

Field of applications:


Application of batten wiring: Office, commercial and residential building, etc.
Application of conduit wiring: Workshop, mainly for down, Public building, etc.