MP2 full form

 What is the full form of MP2?

Answer:

  • MPEG 1 Audio Layer II

What does MP2 mean?

MP2 is an audio compression technology that is part of the MPEG 1 standard. MP2, which was used in earlier video CDs as well as digital broadcasting outside the US, laid the groundwork for the widely used MP3 format.

MP3 full form

 What is the full form of MP3?

Answer:

  • MPEG 1 or MPEG 2 Audio Layer III

What does MP3 mean?

MP3 is a compressed audio file format that rose to prominence in the late 1990s. MP3 files are approximately one-tenth the size of the original file size, but the sound quality remains somewhat similar to that of the original file. because of their small size and high fidelity, they are widely used to store music files.

WAV full form

 What is the full form of WAV?

Answer:

  • Waveform Audio File Format

What does WAV mean?

WAVE is an audio file format standard for storing digital audio waveform data. WAV file are raw audio formats developed by Microsoft and IBM. Containers are used to store audio data, sample rate, and bitrate in this format.

FLAC full form

 What is the full form of FLAC?

Answer:

  • Free Lossless Audio Codec

What does FLAC mean?


The FLAC is a lossless audio compression codec, which means that audio is compressed without quality loss. FLAC supports digital audio compression in such a way that file size is reduced while no information is lost.

Full form of BBC

 What is the full form of BBC?

Answer:

  • British Broadcasting Corporation

What does BBC mean?

BBC is one of the world's largest broadcasting networks. It is a publicly funded system that operates under the authority of a royal charter. Broadcasting House in London serves as its headquarters. It had a monopoly on television in the kingdom until 1954 and on radio until 1972.

VPN vs Proxy | Difference between VPN and proxy

What is a Proxy?

A proxy serves as a gateway, it making ideal for basic functions such as anonymous web browsing and managing content restrictions. Proxy servers are excellent at IP masking and misdirection, making them ideal for gaining access to geo-restricted content.

What VPN?

VPN is an acronym that stands for the virtual private network. VPN redirects your IP address through a network of servers in the country you need to be in, effectively replacing your physical IP address with a virtual one. As a result, it offers a high level of security and privacy, shielding you from hackers, data snoops, and other trackers.

VPN vs Proxy | Difference between VPN and proxy:

  • VPN is usually paid while the proxy servers are free.
  • A VPN connection is more reliable while the proxy server connection drop more frequently.
  • VPN can be slower than proxies as they need to encrypt your data, there are ways you can improve your connection and browsing speeds.
  • VPN works on the operating system level and reroute all your traffic while the proxies work on the application level and only reroute the traffic of a specific app or browser.
  • VPN encrypts your traffic while proxy servers don't. A VPN protects you from ISP tracking, government surveillance, and hackers. Proxies don't, so they should never be used to handle sensitive information.

MAC vs IP address | Difference MAC and IP address

Both the  MAC and the IP address are used to identify a device on the internet. The MAC address is provided by the manufacturer of the NIC card, while the IP address is provided by the internet service provider. So here this article gives the difference between MAC and IP address to better understand this topic.

Definition of MAC:

MAC stands for media access control, It is an address that uniquely defines a hardware interface. The manufacturer purchases MAC addresses before producing interface hardware and assigning the MAC address sequentially to the interface hardware as it is produced. 

Definition of IP address:

The address assigned to a network connection is known as an IP address. An IP address does not uniquely identify a device on a network, but it does specify a specific network connection. IP addresses are assigned by the network administrator or by the internet service provider.

MAC vs IP address | Difference MAC and IP address:

  • MAC address stands for media access control address, while the IP address stands for internet protocol address.
  • The MAC address is a six-byte hexadecimal address, whereas the IP address is either four or eight bytes.
  • MAC address operates in the data link layer, IP address operates in the network layer.
  • MAC is a device attached with a MAC address that can retrieve by ARP protocol, while the IP address is a device attached with an IP address that can retrieve by RARP protocol.
  • MAC is a NIC cards manufacturer that provides the MAC address, while the IP address is an internet service provider that provides IP address.
  • MAC address is used to ensure the physical address of the computer, while IP address is the logical address of the computer.
  • MAC address can't be found easily by a third party, while the IP address can modify with time and environment.
  • MAC address can't be found easily by a third party, IP address can be found by the third party.
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API full form

What is the full form of API?


Answer:
  • Application Programming Interface

What does API mean?


An API is a set of functions that enables applications to the internet with external software components, operating systemss or microservices. To put it simply, an API sends a user response to a system and receives it from the system.

Capacitor vs Supercapacitor

What is a Capacitor?

The type of dielectric and electrode material used to make a capacitor define it. It also specifies how the capacitor will be used. The main substance that aids in the storage of electrical energy is a dielectric material. The term capacitance refers to a device's ability to store charge at a given voltage.

What is Supercapacitor?

A supercapacitor is also referred to as an ultracapacitor or a two-layer capacitor. because of its extremely high capacitance, a supercapacitor differs from a regular capacitor. In comparison to the common capacitor, these capacitors have a very high energy density. They are extremely beneficial to hybrid vehicles.

Capacitor vs Supercapacitor | Difference between capacitor and supercapacitor:

  • Supercapacitors are more expensive than conventional capacitors, as they have a high cost per watt.
  • In capacitors, energy is stored in their electric field, A supercapacitor is also known as an ultracapacitor or double-layer capacitor. Because of its extremely high capacitance, a supercapacitor differs from a regular capacitor.
  • The energy density of the capacitor is comparatively low, while the supercapacitor has a very high energy density.
  • Supercapacitors differ from conventional capacitors in that they have a larger surface area for storing a greater amount of charge.
  • The capacitor is used dielectric materials like ceramic, polymer film, or aluminum oxide is used for the separation of the electrodes. While the supercapacitor is ane activated carbon is used as a physical barrier between the electrodes so that when an electrical charge is applied to the material a double electric field is generated. This electric field acts like a dielectric.

VPN vs Citrix | Difference between VPN and Citrix

The distinction between Citrix and VPN is in their operational modes. Citrix is a company that provides users with a VPN service and service and remote server access, VPN is in creating a smaller private network that makes user information and data untraceable.

What is VPN?

VPN is an acronym that stands for the virtual private network. VPN routes your IP address through a network of servers in the country where you need to be, effectively replacing your physical IP address with a virtual one. As a result, it provides a high level of security and privacy, protecting you from hackers, data snoops, and various trackers.

What is Citrix?

Citrix is a company that offers services that can be accessed via a VPN. It is a groundbreaking technology that allows for the visualization of applications and desktops on remote servers. Citrix connections outperform traditional VPN services in terms of security and functionality. It makes it possible for users to run applications on remote servers.

VPN vs Citrix | Difference between VPN and Citrix:

  • VPN is a smaller private network that operates to ensure privacy and anonymity for the user, while Citrix is a company that provides users the possibility of accessing applications and data over servers remotely.
  • VPN is lesser cost than a Citrix connection, while Citrix is more expensive than a VPN.
  • VPN is a slower data transmission speed, while Citrix is enhanced speed capacities as smaller data sets are transmitted.
  • VPN is the entire data set travels over the connection, while the Citrix is a screen change that will travel over the link.
  • VPN is used for connecting to apps remotely, while Citrix is used for application delivery, desktop visualization, cloud computing, and Saas.
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ACAR full form

 What is the full form of ACAR?

Answer:

  • Aluminium Conductor Alloy Reinforced

What does ACAR mean?

ACAR is made of concentrically stranded wires of aluminium 1350 and a core of high strength aluminium magnesium silicon. The typical design consists of s stranded core of AIMgSi alloy strands, but in some cable constructions, the wires AIMgSi alloy strands can be arranged in layers throughout the cable.

ACD full form

 What is the full form of ACD?

Answer:

  • Automatic Call Distribution

What does ACD mean?

An ACD is a telephony software system that answers incoming calls and directs them to a specific agent or department within a company. An ACD typically collaborates with computer technology integration systems and interactive voice response systems to intelligently route incoming calls to the best agent. It serves as the backbone of a call centre and helps to streamline the communication process.

ABI full form

 What is the full form of ABI?

Answer:

  • Application Binary Interface

What does ABI mean?

An ABI is a connection between two binary programme modules in computer software. Often, one of these modules is a library or an operating system facility, and the other is a user-run program.

AAC full form

 What is the full form of AAP?

Answer:

  • Advanced Audio Coding

What does AAP mean?

AAP is a file format used to store digital audio. It is commonly used to store music on the internet, on PCs, portable music players, and on phones. It is similar to MP3, but it was created to be its successor, with higher quality and smaller file sizes. It also supports DRM, which is used to enforce copyrights.

VPN vs DNS | Difference between VPN and DNS

What is VPN?

VPN stands for virtual private network, VPN routes your IP address through a network of servers in the country where you need to be, replacing your physical IP address with the virtual one. As a result provides an exceptional level of security and privacy, shielding you from hackers, data snoops, and various trackers.

What is DNS?

DNS stands for domain name system. It is similar to a phone book for computers, When you give them a name they use DNS to look up the phone number. That is how computers can communicate with them. The majority of people use the default DNS provided by their internet service providers.

VPN vs DNS | Difference between VPN and DNS:

  • VPN doesn't always reduce your internet speeds, while the DNS doesn't provide encryption, it usually gives you a better speed when you want to stream some content.
  • DNS may allow you to access torrent websites that are blocked at a DNS level, while the VPN won't hide your IP from your ISP when you download or upload files on a P2P connection.
  • DNS is a standard technology that lets internet users connect to websites by using human-readable addresses. VPN allows you to access any website and content.
  • People change DNS to bypass censorship restrictions caused by DNS blocks, while the Smart DNS allows you to reach streaming websites that weren't blocked at an IP level.
Explore more information:
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  2. DOL Starter vs Soft Starter
  3. Soft Starter vs Star-Delta
  4. VPN vs MPLS
  5. VPN vs VPS
  6. VPN vs TOR
  7. VPLS vs MPLS
  8. RS 232 VS RS 485
  9. VPN vs Antivirus
  10. VPN vs Proxy
Thank you for reading this article, If you have any queries regarding this article on VPN vs DNS then feel free to do comment and give suggestions in the comment section below. 

Bandwidth vs broadband | Difference between bandwidth vs broadband

Broadband is typically available is four configurations, DSL, fiber optic, cable, and satellite. The primary performance metric governing inter-application delay. so here this article gives the difference between bandwidth vs broadband to better understand this topic.

Definition of Broadband?

Broadband is a connection is simply a technology that refers to the transmission of wide bandwidth data over a high-speed internet connection. The connection medium can e coaxial cable, optical fiber. radio or twisted pair. It is just like a superset which refers to aby high-speed internet technology.

Definition of Bandwidth:

Bandwidth is a term in networking used to measure the maximum amount of data that can be transmitted per unit of time.

Bandwidth vs broadband | Difference between bandwidth vs broadband

  • Bandwidth is defined as a range within a band of frequency or wavelength, while broadband is simply referred to as a shorthand for high-speed internet access.
  • Bandwidth is the maximum rate at which the data can be transferred from one point to another within a network over a specific period of time, while broadband refers to always-on, the high-speed internet connection that offers runs on cable as opposed to the standard dial-up connections.
  • Bandwidth determines the amount of information that can be transmitted across the given path, while broadband refers to a wide bandwidth data transmission over an active phone line.
  • Bandwidth is expressed as bit per second, megabit per second, or gigabits per second, while the broadband is different regulation regarding the use of the term broadband in different countries.
Explore more information:
  1. baseband vs broadband transmission
  2. DSL vs broadband
  3. frequency vs wavelength
  4. period vs frequency
  5. bandwidth vs frequency
  6. bit rate vs baud rate
  7. bandwidth vs throughput
Thank you for reading this article, If you have any queries regarding this article on Bandwidth vs broadband then feel free to do comment and give suggestions in the comment section below. 

Ohmmeter | Definition | Symbol | Types | Applications

The instrument used to measure the resistance between any two points in an electric circuit is known as an ohmmeter. It can also be used to determine the resistance of an unknown resistor. The resistance unit is ohms. The measuring instrument is a meter. So the term ohmmeter is formed by combining the words ohms and meter.

Ohmmeter Symbol:

Ohmmeter symbol

Types of Ohmmeter:

Series type ohmmeter:

The components that we want to measure can be connected in series with the metre in a series type ohmmeter. The resistance value can be calculated using the D'arsonval movement, which is connected in parallel, via the shunt resistor R2. The R2 resistance, as well as the R1 resistance, can be connected in series with the battery. The two terminals A and B are connected in series to the measuring components.

                

When the smearing component value is zero, a large amount of current flow through the metre. In this case, the shunt resistance can be adjusted until the metre full load current. The needle turns aside in the direction of 0 ohms for this current.

When the measuring components is removed from the circuit, the circuit resistance becomes infinite, and the current in the circuit flow. The meter needle deflects towards infinity, The meter depicts infinite resistance when there is no current flow and zero resistance when there is a large current flow through it.

Shunt type ohmmeter:

If the value of the resistor is unknown and must be measured by connecting it in parallel with the ohmmeter, the ohmmeter is referred to as a shunt ohmmeter, The circuit diagram for a shunt ohmmeter is shown in the figure below. The measuring component can be connected across terminals A and B.



When the components resistance value is zero, the current in the metre becomes zero. Similarly, as the components resistance increases, the flow of current through the battery and the needle illustrate the full-scale deflection to the left. This type of metre has no current on the scale to the left and an infinity spot to the right.

Application of ohmmeter:

  • This metre can be used to ensure circuit continuity, which means that if there is a sufficient flow of current or a large flow of current through the circuit, the circuit will be disconnected.
  • These are commonly used in engineering electronic labs to test electronic components.
  • These are used for small ICs for debugging such as PCBs and other stuff which requires to be executed in sensitive devices.

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Thank you for reading this article, If you have any queries regarding this article the ohmmeter then feel free to do comment and give suggestions in the comment section below. 

thermocouple vs thermopile

What is a thermocouple?

The thermocouple is essentially an electrical device that consists of two wires made of a different metal that are joined together. They functioned similarly to electrical conductors, producing electrical outputs at varying temperatures. Heat enters one section, circulates, and travels down each wire. It generates electricity when it back up. This electricity voltage provides a precise reading of the temperature.

What is thermopile?

A thermopile is an electronic device that converts thermal power to electrical power. It is also mentioned as a power pile. A thermopile is made up of several thermocouples that are normally connected in series or in rare cases, in parallel. This connection formate can produce more outputs than a single thermocouple.

Thermocouple vs thermopile | Difference between thermocouple and thermopile:

  • The thermocouple is thinner and has a pointed end, while the thermopile is bigger and thicker.
  • The thermocouple is lower voltage output, between 8mV to 30 mV, while the thermopile is a higher output voltage, is 10s or 100s of mVs.
  • The thermocouple is two dissimilar conductors,  made of single pair of wires, while the thermopile more than one thermocouple arranged in series or parallel along with IR absorber membrane.
  • The mathematical equation of thermocouple is Vout  = S*(Tx-Tref) while the thermopile is Vout= N*S*(Tx-Tref), where N is a number of thermocouples used in a thermopile.
  • Thermocouple used for contact-based temperature measurement, while the thermopile used for non-contact-based temperature measurement due to use of IR mechanism employed.

Explore more information:

  1. Heat vs temperature
  2. Pros ad cons of thermocouple
  3. RTD pros and cons
  4. Thermistor pros and cons
  5. Temperature sensor pros and cons
Thank you for reading this article, If you have any queries regarding this article on the thermocouple vs thermopile then feel free to do comment and give suggestions in the comment section below. 

CPU vs RAM | Difference between CPU and RAM

The primary distinction between RAM and CPU is that RAM is a short-term memory storage component, whereas the CPU is a computer's main driving unit. So here this article gives the difference between CPU vs RAM to better understand this topic.

Definition of RAM:

RAM is an abbreviation for random access memory, and it is used to store the program and data that the CPU is using in real-time. RAM data can be read, written, and erased an unlimited number of times. RAM is a hardware component that stores the data that is currently being used. It's called volatile memory.

Definition of CPU:

CPU is an abbreviation for central processing unit, which is a device that serves as the brain of every embedded system. It is made up of an ALU, which is used to temporarily store data and perform calculations, and a control unit, which is responsible for instruction sequencing and branching. It also interacts with the computer's other units, such as memory, input, and output, in order to carry out the instructions received from the user.

CPU vs RAM | Difference between CPU and RAM:

  • RAM is an abbreviation for random access memory, and CPU is an abbreviation for the central processing unit.
  • RAM is busy, the CPU executes the instruction.
  • The CPU determines how fast the system is, while RAM determines how much data can be stored.
  • RAM is a number of programs running at a time, while the CPU is the speed of launching a program.
  • RAM has an impact on performance in terms of memory, processing speed, and bus speed, among other things, whereas the CPU has cores, and the more cores it has, the better its performance.
  • RAM is in charge of the number of programs or applications that a computer can run at the same time, whereas the CPU is in charge of the speed with which a program or application can be launched.
  • When idle, RAM usage is about 0.5 percent, while CPU usage ranges from 0.8 percent to 10%.
  • The CPU can only be replaced, whereas RAM can frequently be increased.
  • The CPU is proprietary to a single manufacturer, whereas RAM is not.
  • RAM stores memory programs that are currently running, while the CPU processes memory to execute the program.
Explore more information:
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  2. ROM vs PROM
  3. PROM vs EPROM
  4. RAM vs HDD
  5. FPGA vs CPLD
  6. CPU vs GPU
Thank you for reading this article, If you have any queries regarding this article on the CPU vs RAM then feel free to do comment and give suggestions in the comment section below. 

WiFi vs cellular data

What is WiFi data?

When connected to your home WiFi network, these devices access the internet in the same way that personal computers do, including updates to operating system downloading and updating software and applications exploring the web.

What is cellular data?

Cellular data is measured and billed separately from phone calls. Text messaging is also a separate service, though it is usually included in a phone plan

WiFi data vs cellular data | Difference between wifi and cellular data:

  • WiFi uses radiofrequency waves to provide high-speed internet access to connected devices, while the cellular data are based on mobile phones/devices using cellular signals to connects to the internet.
  • Cellularnetworkare based on mobile phones and use networks spread over a wide area, while WiFi is a wireless network technology following IEEE 802.11 standard.
  • Cellular networks are dependent on network range availability, while WiFi has a limited range.
  • Cellular network has mobile phones have a plan up to which data can be consumed, while the WiFi has no such limits or plans up to which data can be consumed.
  • Mobile network access speed is generally slow as compared to wifi, while the wifi is quite faster as compared to a cellular network.
  • Cellular data offred by carriers (AT&T, Verizon, Sprint, T-Mobile, etc. While the Cellular data set up yourself in home, by It at work, or offered by internet service providers.
Explore more information:
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  2. 3G vs WiFi
  3. 3G vs 4G 
  4. Difference between 1G, 2G, 3G, and 4G technology
  5. Zigbee vs WiFi
  6. Wi-Fi vs WiMax
  7. Wi-Fi vs Bluetooth
  8. Wi-Fi vs Internet
  9. Li-Fi  vs Wi-Fi
  10. GiFi vs WiFi
  11. WiFi vs MiFi
  12. Hotspot vs tethering
Thank you for reading this article, If you have any queries regarding this article on the wifi vs cellular data then feel free to do comment and give suggestions in the comment section below. 

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