BLE full form

 What is the full form of BLE?


  • Bluetooth Low Energy

What does BLE mean?

BLE is a wireless personal area network technology developed and marketed by the Bluetooth special interest group for novel applications in health care, fitness, beacons, security, and home entertainment.

RFID full form

 What is the full form of RFID?


  • Radio Frequency Identification

What does RFID mean?

RFID is a wireless system that consists of two components: tags and readers. The reader is a device equipped with one more antenna that emits radio waves and receives signals from RFID tags. Tage can be passive or active, communicating their identity and other information to nearby readers via radio waves. 

UWB vs Bluetooth

What is UWB?

UWB stands for ultra-wideband, it is radio protocol, very fast secure, and low power. It is used to determine location with accuracy that no other wireless technology matches.

What is Bluetooth?

Bluetooth is a wireless technology that allows electronic devices to communicate with one another. It can be used to build a personal network with a range of 10 meters that operates in the 2.4 GHz unlicensed band.

UWB vs Bluetooth:

  • UWB stands for ultra-wideband, Bluetooth has no full form.
  • Bluetooth has 79 radio frequency channels, whereas UWB has 1 to 15 radio frequency channels.
  • Bluetooth uses the GFSK modulation technique, while the UWB uses BPSK and QPSK modulation techniques.
  • Bluetooth requires low bandwidth, while the UWB requires high bandwidth.
  • The radio signal range of Bluetooth & UWB is ten meters.
  • There is a maximum of 8 cell nodes in Bluetooth, while there is also maximum of 8 cell nodes in UWB.
  • Both of the frequency range supported in Bluetooth vary from 2.4GHz to 2.483 GHz.
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PDSCH full form

 What is the full form of PDSCH?


  • Physical Downlink Shared Channel

What does PDSCH mean?

PDSCH is undergoing the most difficult procedure. If you understand the intricacies of PDSCH channel processing, you can say you understand almost everything about the LTE physical layer, implying that it would be nearby impossible to describe everything in a single page without boring you to tears.


What is WAV?

WAV is an audio file format standard for storing digital audio waveform data. WAV files are raw audio formats developed by Microsoft and IBM. Holders are utilized to store sound information, test rate, and bitrate in this organization.

What is FLAC? 

The FLAC is a lossless sound pressure codec, which implies that sound is compacted without quality misfortune. FLAC upholds advanced sound pressure so that document size is decreased while no data is lost.

WAV vs FLAC | Difference between WAV and FLAC:

  • WAVs are excellent in terms of quality, makes them the best choice for sound engineers and music producers.
  • FLAC files fall somewhere between MP3 and WAV. They are good due to the quality, but the file size can be quite large.
  • If you want to edit audio, WAV is the better choice because it is less demanding on the CPU.
  • FLAC is a great option for music if you want a high-quality alternative to MP3 and have HDD space to spare.
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What is z wave

What is a Z wave?

Z Wave is a personal area network that is used like Zigbee, it is a proprietary wireless communication protocol designed for home automation. It employs low-power wireless communication technology to control home-based electronic products such as smoke alarms and remote control. It is used for low overhead commands such as lighting, entertainment, and housekeeping. 

It operates at 900 MHz rather than 2.4 GHz and is less susceptible to interference. In comparison to the 2.4 GHz signal, the 900 MHz signal is stronger and can travel longer distances, piercing through walls, floors, and ceilings with greater power.

Manufactures of Z wave in Europe:

Wintop electric QEES as remote technology ltd chromatic ever spring industry co LTD chromatic ever spring industry co.

Why can you find a Z wave?

Almost all of the major home security and home automation manufacturers sell Z wave smart home accessories. But first, you will need a Z wave hub to connect the system to the internet in order to set up a Z wave network. In some cases, the Z wave hub may be integrated into another of your devices. In others, you will have to buy a separate hub.

How does Z wave work?

Z wave technology creates a wireless mesh network, which is a group of devices that connect and communicate with one another without the use of wires. Devices mesh together using Z wave technology by sending signals over low-energy radio waves at a specific frequency. Every Z wave device includes a small built-in signal repeater that sends and receives network data.

DTLS full form

 What is the full form of DTLS?


  • Datagram Transport Layer Security

What does DTLS mean?

DTLS is a communication protocol that secures datagram-based applications by allowing them to communicate in a way that prevents eavesdropping, tampering, or message forgery. The DTLS is a protocol based on the stream-oriented TLS protocol and designed to provide comparable security guarantees.

COAP full form

 What is the full form of COAP?


  • Constrained Application Protocol

What does COAP mean?

COAP is a web transfer protocol designed for use with constrained nodes and networks in the IoT. COaP is intended to allow simple, constrained devices to connect to the IoT even on the constrained networks with low bandwidth and availability. Its commonly used in M2M applications like smart energy and building automation.

IETF full form

 What is the full form of IETF?


  • Internet Engineering Task Force

What does IETF mean?

The IoT is the primary internet standard organization. It creates an open standard through open processes with one goal in mind. It is improved the performance of the internet. The IETF is a large open international community of network designers, operators, vendors, and researchers that focuses on the evolution of internet architecture and the length of operation of the internet

PAT full form in networking

What is the full form of PAT?


  • Port Address Translation

What does PAT mean?

PAT is a NAT extension that allows multiple devices on a LAN to be mapped to a single public IP address in order to conserve IP addresses. The edge device is given a single IP address by the internet service provider. 

NAT full form

 What is the full form of NAT?


  • Network Address Translation

What does NAT mean?

The process by which a router assigns a public address to a computer group of computers within a private network is known as NAT. Multiple devices can now share a single public IP address. The term can also refer to various types of IP addresses and port translations.

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  1. Full form of PAT
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  3. Full form of HIDS
  4. Full form of IDS
  5. Full form of NFV
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  7. Full form of TETRA
  8. Full form of SIEM
  9. Full form of IPS

NIDS full form

 What is the full form of NIDS?


  • Network-Based Intrusion Detection System

What does NIDS mean?

A NIDS is a monitor network for malicious traffic. In order to analyze all traffic, including unicast traffic. NIDS usually require promiscuous network access. NIDS are noninterfering devices that monitor traffic. NIDS sniffs the firewall internal interface and sends alerts to a NIDS management server via the different network interfaces.

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  2. Full form of PAT
  3. Full form of HIDS
  4. Full form of IDS
  5. Full form of NFV
  6. Full form of SDN
  7. Full form of TETRA
  8. Full form of SIEM
  9. Full form of IPS

HIDS full form

 What is the full form of HIDS?


  • Host-Based Intrusion Detection System

What does HIDS mean?

HIDS is a network-based intrusion detection system that is similar to a traditional intrusion detection system. It can monitor and evaluate the computing system's internals as well as network packets on its network interfaces.

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  1. Full form of NIDS

IDS vs IPS | Difference between IDS and IPS

Security tools such as intrusion detection systems and intrusion prevention systems are examples of such defenses. IPS and IDS solutions use similar technology, but each performs a different function, occupies a different location in the network, and defends against different types of attacks. To better understand this relationship. So now let us check the difference between IDS vs IPS to better understand this topic.

What is IDS?

IDS analyzes and monitors network traffic for signs that an attacker is attempting to infiltrate or steal data from your network by employing a known cyber threat. To detect the various type of behaviors such as security policy violations, malware, and port scanners. IDS systems compare current network activity to a known threat database.

What is IPS?

An IPS is an active security system. It like the IDS attempts to identify potential threats by monitoring features of a protected host or network and can employ signature, anomaly, or hybrid detection methods. 

IDS vs IPS |  Difference between IDS and IPS:

  • IDS stands for an intrusion detection system, while the IPS stands for an Intrusion prevention system.
  • IDS is a passive system type, while the IPS is active and/or passive.
  • IDS is signature detection, exploit facing signatures, while the IPS is statistical anomaly-based detection signature detection, exploit facing signatures, vulnerability facing signatures.
  • IDS is out of band from data communication, while the IPS is in line with data communication.
  • IDS sens alarm/alert of detecting malicious traffic, while the IPS drop, alert or clean malicious traffic
  • IDS does not impact network performance due to non-online deployment. while the IPS is slow down network performance due to delay caused by inline IPS processing.
  • IDS does not block legitimate traffic which might be blocked by IPS at times, while the IPS is preferred by most organizations since detection and prevention are automatically performed.

Full form of IPS

What is the full form of IPS?


  • Intrusion Prevention System

What does IPS mean?

An IPS is a type of network security that monitors networks and/or system activity for malicious activity such as a security threats or policy violations.

Firewall vs proxy

What exactly is a firewall?

The firewall is the version specified by the router. All data packets entering or leaving the network are routed through the firewall, which determines whether they should be allowed or denied. All traffic must pass through the firewall, and only authorized traffic should be permitted. A powerful firewall is required.

What exactly is a proxy server?

A proxy server is a server that acts as a middleman or gateway between any device and the rest of the internet. A proxy receives and forwards connections requests before returning data for those requests. It uses the anonymous network id instead of the client actual IP address, so that the clients actual IP address cannot be revealed.

Firewall vs proxy:

  • Firewall can monitor and filter all the incoming and outgoing traffic on a given local network, while the proxy server connects an external client with a server to communiicate with each other.
  • Firewall blocks connectionsfrom unauthorised network, while the proxy server facilitates connection over network.
  • Firewall involve network and transport layer data, while the proxy work on appliction layer data.
  • Firewall filters data by monitoring IP packets that are traversed, while the proxy server fileters the client side request that are made to connect to the network.
  • Firewall exist as interface between a public and private network, while the proxy server can exist with public network on both sides.
  • Firewall is used to protect an internal network agaist attacks, while the proxy used for anonymity and to bypass restrictions.
  • The overhead generated in firewall is more as comapred to a proxy server, while the overhead generated in proxy server is less comapred to a firewall.
  • Firewall works on the packet level, proxy server work on application protocol level.
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SIEM full form

 What is the full form of SIEM?


  • Security Information and Event Management

What does SIEM mean?

SIEM software provides enterprise security professionals with visibility into and a record of the activities taking place in their IT environment. SIEM technology has been around for more than a decade, originating from the log management discipline.

IDS full form

 What is the full form of IDS?


  • Intrusion Detection Systems

What does IDS mean?

IDS scan network traffic for signature that corresponds to known cyber attacks. IDS analyses it for signature matching known attacks and alerts you when something suspicious occurs.

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  1. Full form of NFV
  2. Full form of SDN
  3. Full form of TETRA
  4. Full form of SIEM


What is SDN?

SDN manages networks by decoupling the control and forwarding planes. Architects and administrators use software to configure and manage network functions from a centralized control point. This approach creates dynamic, agile, and scalable networks that use modern data center virtualized infrastructure to respond quickly to changing business requirements.

What is NFV?

NFV decouples network function from proprietary hardware appliances and provides equivalent network functionality without requiring specialized hardware. These virtual network functions, which run on high-performance x86 servers, have the distinct advantage of being deployable on demand.

SDN vs NFV | Difference between SDN and NFV:

  • SDN architecture mainly focuses on data centers, while NFV is targeted at service providers or operators.
  • SDN separates the control plane and data forwarding plane by centralizing control and programmability of the network, while the NFV helps service providers or operators to provides virtualize functions like load balancing, routing, and policy management by transferring network function from dedicated appliances to virtual servers.
  • Sdn employs OpenFlow as a communication protocol; no protocol for NFV has been determined as of yet.
  • SDN supports an open networking foundation,  while the NFV is driven by the ETSI NFV working group.
  • SDN corporate IT acts as a business initiator for SDN, while the NFV service provider or operator acts as a business initiator.
  • SDN is a various enterprise networking software and hardware vendors are initiative supporters. While the NFV is a telecom service provider or operators are prime initiative supporters.
  • SDN applications run on industry-standard servers or switches, while the NFV application runs on industry-standard servers.
  • SDN lowers network costs by eliminating the need for expensive switches and routers. While the NFV increases scalability and agility as well as the speed of time to market as it dynamically allots hardware a level of capacity to network function needed at a particular time.
  • SDN uses networking and cloud orchestration, while the NFV is used router, firewalls, gateways, WAN accelerators, SLA assurance, & video servers.
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NFV full form

 What is the full form of NFV?


  • Network Function Virtualization

What does NFV mean?

NFV is a network architecture that aims to speed up service deployment and reduce costs for network operators by separating functions such as firewall and encryption from dedicated hardware and moving them to virtual servers, collapsing various functions into a physical server, and ultimately lowering overall costs. NFV enables various network operators to implement network policies without having to worry about where the function should be placed in the network or how traffic should be routed through these functions.

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  1. Full form of SIEM

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