Difference Between Conduction and Induction

The major difference between conduction and induction is that conduction allows the charging of a natural body with a charged body by forming a direct contact with it. But induction is the process of charging a neutral body by a charged body without making any direct contact with them. Here this article gives the difference between conduction and induction are listed below:

Definition of Conduction:

Conduction is the process by which heat energy is transmitted through collisions between their neighboring molecules. 

Definition of Induction:

Induction is the process where electrical power is transferred from one object to another without the contact object or touching.

The main key difference between conduction and induction are listed below:

  • Conduction is the process of transferring charges from a charged body to a neutral body. while the induction is the process of inducing the charge on a natural body by the use of a charged body.
  • In the case of conduction, the current flowing through both bodies have the same direction while in case of equal current flows through both the bodies but in a different direction.
  • In conduction result flow of current due to electric field while the induction results in an inflow of current due to change in a magnetic field.
  • Charging a body by the condition is done by touching a charged body whereas the induction touching is needed to charge a body by induction.
  • A potential difference must exist between two bodies for conduction to take place thus required a gradient path. As no direct contact is maintained at the time of induction thus the gradient path may or may not be needed.
  • Some charge is lost in changing conduction whereas there is no loss in any charge in charging by induction.
  • Conduction needs direct physical contact between the two bodies. However, no physical contact us needed in case of induction but the two bodies must be placed close to each other.
  • As the charge gets transferred in case pf conduction thus there is a reduction in the amount of overall charge present in a charged body remains the same even after inducing, charges of opposite polarity in the other body.

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