Characteristics of Series Circuit

What are the basic characteristics of a Series circuit?

  • Single path for current
  • Same current throughout
  • Voltage Adds up
  • Resistance Adds up
  • Current divider rule
  • Diminished current with more components
  • Used in specific applications
  • Total resistance is greater than the largest component
  • Voltage divider rule
  • Equal current for component
  • One component failure affects the entire circuit

Let us understand the characteristics of a series circuit 

  • The electric current in a series circuit has only one path. 
  • Every component in the circuit experiences the same amount of current.
  • The voltage loss across each component adds to the circuit's overall voltage.
  • The sum of individual resistances of each component makes up the total resistance in a series circuit.
  • When more parts are included in a series circuit, the total resistance rises, resulting in a reduction in the circuit's overall current.
  • Each component in a series circuit receives the same amount of current since the current is constant throughout the circuit.
  • A series circuit can be interrupted if one component fails, rendering the entire circuit inoperable.
  • The voltage divider rule, which is based on the relationship between a component's resistance and the total resistance, can be used to determine the voltage drop across each component in a series circuit.
  • Each component's resistance determines how much voltage is dropped across it. The voltage dips of components with higher resistance will be greater.
  • The total resistance in a series circuit is always bigger than or equal to the resistance of the largest component.
  • Series circuits are frequently employed in situations where current must flow sequentially through each component, such as in string light.
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