10 November 2017

Full form of TCP/IP

What is the full form of TCP/ IP?

Answer :

  • Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol 

What does TCP/IP mean?

It is the suite of communication protocols used to connect hosts on the internet uses several protocols one being TCP and other is IP.  TCP/IP is the suite of communication protocols, which is a set of networking protocols that allows two or more computers to communicate. This protocol is used to connect hosts on the internet. It has several protocols, the two main ones being TCP and IP. The defense data network, part of the department of defense, that is developed TCP/IP protocol and it has been widely adopted as a networking standard.

TCP/IP built into UNIX Operating System and is used by the internet. 

TCP/IP model divides the protocols into different layers, on the basis of their functionality. 

The TCP/IP protocol suite is divided into 4 layers which are following below :

  1. Layer 1 - Network Access Layer ( Provide all functionality ) 
  2. Layer 2 - Internet Layer ( Routing and Addressing ) 
  3. Layer 3 - Transport Layer ( Process-to-Process delivery of the entire message )
  4. Layer 4 - Application Layer ( Communicate directly with end user )