3 March 2021

Advantages and disadvantages of cellular network

 A cellular network is a radio network distributed over land areas called cells, each served by at least one fixed-location transceiver, known as the cell site or the base station. To prevent interference and have guaranteed bandwidth within each cell, each cell in a cellular network uses a different set of frequencies than neighboring cells. So here this article gives the advantages and disadvantages of cellular networks to better understand this topic.

Advantages of the cellular network:

  • It provides voice and data services.
  • It links users on both fixed and mobile phones.
  • It has increased capacity.
  • It is easy to maintain.
  • It is easy to upgrade the equipment.
  • It has consumed less power.
  • Because of its wireless existence, it is used in the place where cables cannot be laid out.
  • It is flexible enough to use the features and function of almost all public and private networks.
  • It can be distributed to the larger coverage areas.
  • It is simple to update the equipment and mobile and fixed subscriber are automatically connected to the cellular network once their phones are turned on. 
  • It reduces interference from other signals.

Disadvantages of the cellular network:

  • Macrocells are affected by the multipath signal loss.
  • As the contact is over the air, it has security vulnerabilities.
  • The cost of setting up cellular network infrastructure is higher.
  • The capacity is lower and depends on channel/multiple access techniques employed to serve subscribers.
  • Physical obstruction, climatic conditions, and inclement weather all have an effect on wireless communication.
  • It offers less data rate compared to a wired network such as fiber optics, DSL, etc. The data rate varies based on a wireless standard such as GSM, CDMA, LTE, etc.
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