Difference Between Static and Current Electricity

Most of us just enjoy the benefits of electricity but don't really understand the exact meaning and science behind it, and the phenomena associated with it. For now, let us understand the static electricity and current electricity. Technically the electricity is actually a phenomenon in itself, which involves the displacement or movement of electrons. In a short way status, electricity means electricity is at rest. While the current electricity is a phenomenon of moving electrons in a particular path, direction such as steam of them flowing through conducting materials.  The most common source of current electricity comes from batteries.


Definition of static electricity:

The word static means not in moving condition. It refers to the electricity where the charge build-up on the surface of materials or substance. And they stay static until they are discharged. The static electricity generates by rubbing the two static objects. It is usually uncontrolled and happens sporadically.

Definition of current electricity:

The current electricity which is produced because of the movement of electrons is known as the current electricity. It develops only on the material which has free electrons. The current electricity use for performing mechanical works like for moving the fan, running the machine, etc. 

The main key difference between static and current electricity are listed below:

  • The electricity in which charges remain static is known as the static type of electricity. While the current electricity is developed because of the flow of charges and by measure analog or digital meter.
  • The static electricity develops on the surface of both insulator and conductor whereas the current electricity induces only in the conductor.
  • The magnetic field develops because of the current electricity. And also it doesn't associate in the static electricity.
  • The gold leaf electroscope measures the magnitude of static electricity whereas the current electricity measures by the digital and analog meter.
  • The static electricity exits for a short time whereas the current electricity for long periods.
  • The measuring device of static electricity is a gold leaf electroscope, while the current electricity the measuring device is analog or digital meter.
  • The static electricity develops because of the movement of negative charges from one object to another object. The current electricity is because of the movement of electrons in the atoms of the conductors.
  • A static electric city is usually uncontrolled and just happens sporadically. Current electricity is normally controlled. It is the more used phenomenon of all over the electricity, in countless applications.
  • Static electricity used in lightning strokes, it develops by rubbing the balloons on hair, etc while the current electricity is used for running industrial; and home applications like fan, light, TV, etc.

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