Difference Between Cell and Battery

As we know, the cell and battery both are to store the chemical energy and then transform the stored chemical energy into the electrical energy. So here this article gives the main key difference between cell and battery to better understand this topic.

Definition cell

The cell is a single power generating unit that stores the chemical energy and then converts it into electrical energy. It has two electrodes name called as the cathode and the anode. The cell has an electrolyte, a chemical substance that reacts with the electrodes and produces an electric current.

Definition of battery

The battery is a device that consists of two or more units of an electrochemical cell. The positive thermal of the attery is known as the cathode whereas the negative terminal of the battery is known as the anode. The battery is the two types the primary battery, and the secondary battery.

Difference between cell and battery:

  • The cell is a single device that covert the electric energy into chemical energy, while the battery is the group of the cell.
  • The cell is cheap as compared to the battery, While battery cost is high.
  • A cell can be a battery but the battery can not be a cell.
  • The cell supply power for short time, while the battery supply power for long durations.
  • The cell is either dry, some wet, reserve, and fuel types depend on which types of electrolytes used, while the battery is either non-chargeable or rechargeable.
  • The cell is mostly used in the clock, lamp, etc, which requires less energy, whereas the battery is mostly used in automobiles, inverter, etc.
  • The cell has a single unit hence, it is light and compact, whereas the battery is a combination of cells that increase the size of the battery and make it is bulky.
  • The galvanic cell, daniel cell, Blanche cell are some of the examples of the cell while the lead-acid battery, lithium-ion battery, magnesium ion battery, etc are the type of battery.