What is cleat wiring | Definition | Installation | Precautions | Materials | Advantages | Applications

Definition of cleat wiring: 

Cleat wiring is one of the cheapest wiring systems considering the initial cost and labor and it is most suitable for a temporary electrical wiring system. This wiring system is quickly installed, easily inspected and altered. In this type of wiring VIR or PVC insulated wire is used as a conductor.

This wiring system, All the cables are in open-air therefore fault is very easily found and replaced it very quickly and It is easy to fault detection. So nowadays cleat wiring used in most of the army Campus or festivals like marriage. 

Installation of cleat wiring:

Cleat wiring is recommended only for temporary installment. The cleat is made in pairs having a bottom and top halves. So in the bottom, half is grooved to receive the wire and the top half is for cable grip. initially, the bottom and top cleat are fixed on the wall loosely according to the layout. Then the cable is drawn, tensioned and the cleat is tightened by the screw. The cleat is of the basic three types, having one, two or three grooves, so as to receive one, two or maximum three wires. 

This wiring system is installing in a vertical or horizontal system. In this wiring system, The fault is easily replaced very easily because all the cable is open. When one circuit is the cable is passing through another circuit or cable in the cleat wiring system then insulators are used on lower cables for safety purposes. At the turning point in cleat wiring, a special type of cleat is used. The distance between the two-cleat is kept approximately 0.5 meters, 18 inches, or 45 cm and the distance between cables and wall is approximately 1.5 cm. The distance between two cable is 4 to 7 cm according to their current rating. The cleat wiring is used in most of the industry of high capacity current cables. The distance between earth and cable is approximately 2.5 to 3 cm, therefore at switches and junction boxes, the earthing points are marked. 

The cable is entered in junction box through holes and always one cable is passing through one hole. When the cable is passing through the walls or roofs then porcelain tubes or metal pipes are commonly used. The life period of this wiring is 3 months minimum and arid a maximum of 10 to 15 years.

Cleat wiring
 Cleat wiring

Some precautions of cleat wiring:

  • Cleat wiring is not suitable for those place where smoke, steam, dust, and risk mechanical injury is present.
  • The cable is lying straight in cleats.
  • Do not install this wiring in as specially for stores and flammable places.
  • The cap is not tightly screwed on the base because of cable is damaged and not as loosely screw that as a result, the cable is producing sag.
  • If the cable is passing through under the water pipes, wall or roofs then cables are always passing through met conduits.
  • Switches, sockets, cut out, ceiling rose and lamp holders are always installed on round wooden blocks.
  • The distance between branch circuits for single-phase supply is not less than 2.5 cm and for sub-main 4cm minimum.
  • Always use the wooden bushing on each end of the conduit circuit.

For detailed information 

Read more >> Precautions of cleat wiring 

Materials used in cleat wiring: 

  • PVC or VIR cable
  • Single way switches
  • Wooden round block
  • Insulation tap
  • Junction box
  • Rawal plug
  • Main switch
  • Lamp holder 
  • Ceiling range
  • Cleat
  • Colour
  • Fuse
  • Thread
  • Bushing
  • Socket
  • Screws 2.5"

Tools used in cleat wiring:

  • Knife
  • Stair
  • Hammer
  • Chisel
  • Wood saw
  • Phase tester
  • Measuring tape
  • Combinational plier
  • Electric drill machine
  • Screwdriver
  • Side cutter

Advantages of cleat wiring: 

  • It is easy to fault detection.
  • It is easy to repair.
  • This is the temporary wiring system.
  • It is the cheapest for internal wiring.

Disadvantages of cleat wiring:

  • It has a bad appearance.
  • It is not looking good.
  • This wiring system is not safe and durable.
  • It is a chance to shock or fire.
  • It is not a sustainable wiring system.
  • It is used only low-temperature places.

For detailed information 

Read more >> Advantages and disadvantages of cleat wiring

Applications of cleat wiring: 

  • Industry
  • Army campus
  • In marriage function for different types of wiring

Some other electrical wiring system:

1. Casing capping wiring

2. Concealed conduit wiring
3. Batten wiring

We hope that you have got a better understanding of this concept. Furthermore, any quires regarding this concept or some electrical and electronics projects give your feedback in the comment section below.


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