Difference between HTTP and HTTPS

HTTP(Hypertext transfer protocol) is a distributed, collaborative, and hypermedia information system application protocol. HTTPS(Hypertext transfer protocol Secure) is secure version of HTTP that encrypts all client's server communication with SSL/TLS. it is a major difference between them. So here this article gives the main key Difference between HTTP and HTTPS to better understand this topic. 

What is HTTP?

HTTP  is a protocol, it is prescribed order and syntax for presenting information, which is used for transferring data over a network. Most information that is sent over the internet, including the website content calls and some data, uses the HTTP protocol. basically, there are two main kinds of HTTP messages: requests and responses.

What is HTTPS?

HTTPS is a highly advanced ad secure version of HTTP. HTTPS uses TCS to encrypt HTTP requests and responses. HTTPS is still slightly different, more secure, and more advanced. It provides encrypted secure identification of a network server.

Difference between HTTP and HTTPS:

  • HTTP stands for hypertext transfer protocol, while HTTPS  hypertext transfer protocol secure.
  • HTTP URL in your browser address as is http:// while the HTTPS URL is https://.
  • HTTP sends the data over port 80 while HTTPS uses port 443.
  • HTTP is unsecured while HTTPS is secured.
  • no encryption in HTTP, HTTPS the data is encrypted before sending.
  • HTTP operates at application layers while HTTPS operates at the transport layer.
  • no SSL certificate is required for HTTP, with HTTPS it is required that you have an SSL certificate and it is signed by a CA.
  • HTTP is fast as compared to HTTPS because consumes computation power to encrypt the communication channel.
  • HTTP doesn't require domain validation whereas HTTPS requires at least domain validation and certain certificate even require legal document validation.
  • HTTP transfers data in plain text while HTTPS transfers data in ciphertext called encrypt text.
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